Ratchet bezel: A bezel that can turn clockwise or counterclockwise and clicks with a ratchet action as it rotates.
Red Gold: See Rose Gold.
Regard: A kind of Acrostic jewelry, meaning jewelry where the first letter of each type of stone spells out a word. In this case, a ring or brooch set with a Ruby, Emerald, Garnet, Amethyst, Ruby, and a Diamond so that the first letter of each gemstone spelled out "Regard".
Relief: A kind of decoration that protrudes from the surface, like a cameo.
Renaissance: The period in western Europe from the mid fifteenth century to the industrial age. The word means "rebirth" and was characterized by a radical development in the arts, medicine, politics and sciences.
Repoussé: A method of embossing a metal sheet by punching and hammering a design from the back, then polishing it up in front with a chasing hammer, producing a three-dimensional bas-relief surface.
Reverse Crystal Jewelry: (also called Essex crystal) A clear crystal is cut as a cabochon. A carving is made on the flat side, like an intaglio, and painted with a thin layer of mother of pearl to produce a three-dimensional effect.
Rhinestone: A faceted stone made of glass.
Rhodium: A metal that is part of the platinum family but is liquid in its raw natural state not not solid like platinum. Rhodium can be applied to base metals, gold, sterling silver, or some other alloy, to give it a shiny white surface like platinum. This process was popular in the 30's and 40's, is very durable, and very expensive. Now, the majority of the jewelry at EvesAddiction.com has a rhodium finish. This means that the sterling silver has silvery luster more like white gold or platinum. It also means that the jewelry is also resistant to tarnish so there's no need to waste any silver polish or time cleaning rhodium finished jewelry.
Rhodolite: A rose-red to pale violet variety of pyrope garnet.
Rhodonite: a glassy, opaque, pink to rose-red mineral, often with black inclusions, composed of crystalline manganese silicate. Named after the Greek word "rhodon" meaning "rose". It is found in the former Soviet Union, the U.S., India, and Australia and is usually used as an ornamental stone.
Rhombohedral: Resembling a prism with six four-sided facets.
Ring: A piece of jewelry worn on a finger. See Band, Betrothal Ring, Bridal Set, Charm Ring, Cigar Band, Claddagh Ring, Class Ring, Cluster Ring, Cocktail Ring, Comfort Fit, Compass Ring, Dinner Ring, Engagement Ring, Eternity Ring, Faith Ring, Fede Ring, Poesy, Poison Ring, Prayer Ring, Ring Guard, Ring Size, Shank, Shoulder, Signet, Stack Rings, Three Stone Diamond Ring.
Ring brooch: A type of brooch similar to a penannular brooch, but with a complete ring to which is usually hinged a horizontal pin slightly longer than the diameter of the brooch. The point of the pin rests on the ring opposite the hinge, and the brooch is worn by pulling the fabric up inside the ring, passing the pin through it twice and then pulling the fabric tight so that it holds the pin in place.
Ring guard: A ring worn above another ring to keep it from slipping off the finger.
Riveting: A method of joining two flat objects together by making a hole in each piece, then passing a pin with a large flat head, (composed of the same metal as the piece), through the holes. The pin is then pounded flat to secure it in place. This process was used in jewelry instead of soldering when it was not advisable to use heat or when one part was intended to swivel.
Rock Crystal: see Quartz.
Rotating bezel: A bezel that can be turned to perform different timekeeping and mathematical functions.
Rotational Axis: See Axis of Symmetry.
Round Brilliant Cut: See Brilliant cut.
Rubellite: Red Tourmaline.
Ruby: One of the four precious gemstones along with Diamonds, Emeralds and Sapphires. Ruby is a member of the corundum family whose color comes from chromium oxide in the stone. Although corundum can come in many colors, rubies are, by definition, red. Rubies have been synthesized since at least 1890 and can only be distinguished from natural rubies by trained gemologists. Rubies are extremely hard, a 9 on the Mohs scale, second only to diamonds. Fine rubies of good color can be more valuable than diamonds, For centuries, rubies have symbolized beauty, charity, love, passion, power, and royalty. In some countries, engagement rings are set with rubies instead of diamonds. The ruby is the birthstone for July.