Earring: Jewelry worn on the earlobe.
Edwardian: Refers to the period during the reign of Edward VII of England (1901-1910), but the style has it's beginnings during the final years of Victoria's reign, and continued until shortly before World War I when the more geometric influences later to be called Art Deco began to make headway. In jewelry, this period was characterized by delicate filigree in white gold and platinum, with diamonds and pearls predominating, and colored stones used less frequently, producing a light, monochromatic look. Delicate bows, swags, and garland effects were used in necklace and brooches. Both dog collars, and long fringed necklaces were also "in", being popularized by the graceful, long-necked Queen Alexandra.
Egyptian Revival: jewelry that evokes the feeling of ancient Egypt in its use of styles, symbols, and motifs. It was popular in the 19th century when archaeological finds in Egypt were making headlines and filling museums with artifacts.
Element: A substance that cannot be broken down into different kinds of matter. For example, water is composed of the elements oxygen and hydrogen.
Emerald cut: (Also referred to as "table-cut" or "step-cut"). A rectangular or square shaped cut with chamfered corners and stepped facets, typically parallel to the girdle. This cut is also used for precious stones other than emeralds.
Enamel: Colored, opaque glassy material fused onto metal, pottery or glass. In its simplest terms, all enamel is produced by fusing colored powdered glass to metal to produce a vitreous or glass-like, decorative surface. See Enameling. |
Enameling: A decorative technique in which a vitreous pigment of metallic oxide is mixed with finely powdered glass is applied to the surface of a metal--normally bronze, copper, silver or gold. This glass composition adheres to the metal through fusion under very high temperatures. The color of the enamel and its degree of transparency depend on the metal oxides that exist in the glass and the temperature at which the glass melts and coheres to the surface. Popular during the mid-Victorian period was a solid black, blue, or white enamel used to fill engraved designs. See Arts and Crafts, champlevé, cloisonné, faberge, filigree enamel, guilloche, and plique-a-jour.
Engrave: To decorate metal by gouging a design with graver's tools; embellishing metal or other material with patterns using a stamping tool or drill. This was a popular technique in mid-Victorian jewelry. The resulting depressions were often filled with colored enamel in a technique called champlevé. Also refers to inscribing a dedication or monogram to identify a piece. Stamped pieces can be designed to imitate hand engraving. Under magnification, the design is much more sharp in a hand engraved piece, with subtle irregularities.
Engraving: Any pattern design or mark that is cut into a piece of jewelry with a special engraver's tool; The process of cutting or carving lines into a surface.
Enhanced: Nearly all gemstones available today have been enhanced to bring out their best color or to strengthen them. For example, an accepted industry practice in the polishing process for sapphires involves heating the stones to bring out their color. This process simply extends what nature began, since it is heat and pressure that give gemstones their color in the first place.
Essex crystal: See Reverse Crystal jewelry.
Essonite: (Also called "Cinnamon stone") A brown or yellowish-brown variety of garnet.
Etruscan Revival: Like Egyptian revival, which drew inspiration from the archaeological digs in Egypt, Etruscan revival was a popular style of jewelry in the 19th century that drew its inspiration from the archeological discoveries at Herculaneum and Pompeii. See Granulation
Euclase: A silicate of alumina and glucina occuring as light green, transparent crystals with a brilliant clinodiagonal cleavage. Named after the Greek word "euklas", in French "euclase", meaning "to break", because it is so brittle.
European Cut: A style of diamond cutting popular from approximately 1890 to the 1930s typified by a round girdle, a smaller table in relation to the diameter of the stone, and a large culet. The large culet appears to create a hole at the bottom of the diamond when viewed from the top, since the large culet lets light escape instead of reflecting back to the viewer.
Extender Chain: A chain which may be attached to another chain in order to increase the length.
Eye Agate: An agate that when cut at the right angle reveals a series of concentric rings resembling an eye. Unlike other agates which are categorized by their color, this agate is distinguished by the pattern. Eye agates come in a large variety of colors.
Eyepin: A type of finding, an eyepin is simply a long piece of wire with a loop, or "eye", at one end, resembling a needle with an extra-large eye. Beads are strung along the wire to settle on the loop so that they don't fall off the other end. The long end is then crimped or attached to another finding, such as an ear hook.