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Jewelry "C" Words Defined

Cable Chain:When a necklace features a cable chain it means that the chain is created with open circles or oval charms, which all link together to create a cable chain.

Cannetille:For a jewelry piece to have a Cannetille look it would be created with gold thin wire, wrapped around itself in a detailed pattern.

Carat:A carat in the jewelry world is a measurement on weight. As an example a one carat stone would weight 200 milligrams. Since carat's are such a small measurement, the weight of carats are rounded to the nearest hundredth of a carat.

Carbonate:Carbon is a black non-metallic element that is featured in many men's rings.

Cat's eye:A yellow gemstone also goes by the name Chrysoberyl.

Celtic Inspired: Jewelry that is designed featuring Celtic designs including the Trinity Knot, Claddagh symbol and Celtic weave designs. .

Center Stone: A diamond or cubic zirconia stone that is placed in the center of the ring or band.

Chain: A chain is the strand of metal or fabric that completes a necklace or bracelet. Eve's Addiction offers a variety of plain chains or chains with pendants attached. Metal type for chains include gold, silver, bronze, stainless steel and more. There are also a wide variety of chain types including rolo, box, curb and more.

Chandelier Earring: A chandelier earring features a drop pendant on an earring.

Channel Set: This is when diamonds or gemstones are placed in a row inside of a ring or band.

Charm: A pendant that is dangled from a necklace chain or bracelet.

Charm Bracelet: A charm bracelet holds a variety or charms, usually to represent important memories in someones life.

Charm Ring: A ring that has a charm attached, or dangled from it.

Choker: A necklace that fits tight around the neck.

Chrome: A shiny metal that is strong and looks like silver.

Cigar band: A ring or a band that is wider then average.

Citrine: Named after the French word for lemon, "citron". Citrine is often incorrectly called quartz topaz or citrine topaz. A variety of quartz, citrine is found in light yellow, amber-brown, and a brilliant orange that may be confused with fine imperial topaz. Most citrine comes from South America. In ancient times, citrine was revered as a gift of the sun and believed to be a powerful antidote to a viper's venom. Citrine is the birthstone for November.

Claddagh Ring: First crafted by Master Goldsmith Richard Joyce in 1689, it is named after Claddagh, the fishing village he lived in at the time, which overlooks Galway Bay. The ring belongs to a class of rings called "Fede" or "Faith rings", which date from Roman times and were popular in the Middle Ages throughout Europe. Whereas "Fede" rings have only two clasped hands, symbolizing faith, trust, or "plighted troth", Claddagh rings have two hands clasping a heart, symbolizing love, surmounted by a crown, symbolizing loyalty. The ring worn on the right hand with the heart turned outward indicates that your heart is yet unoccupied. a Claddagh Ring Worn on the right hand with the heart turned inward indicates that love is being considered. Worn on the left hand the with the heart turned inward shows everyone that your heart is truly spoken for.

Clarity: One of the 4 C's of diamond grading. Gemstones with the highest clarity contain few or no inclusions (imperfections) in the stone's crystalline structure. Clarity is graded with a 10x magnifier. The clarity rating of a diamond ranges from FL (flawless) to I (inclusions visible to the naked eye).

Clasp: A device used to connect two ends of a necklace, bracelet or watch strap. Popular types of clasps include: Barrel<, box, Lobster claw, and Spring ring clasps. (See individual listings).

Class Ring: A ring that commemorates graduating from high school. It is usually engraved with the name of the school, the year of graduation, and a gemfeaturing one of the school's colors.

Claw Setting: A way of securing a stone in its mount using small prongs that surround it.

Cleaning Jewelry: The safest and easiest way to clean most jewelry is with a detergent bath. Swish together warm water and any mild liquid detergent. Clean the jewelry with a soft brush while it's in the suds, then rinse it under warm running water. Pat it dry with a soft, lint-free cloth. Avoid using brushes, which can scratch gold. Never boil gold, and avoid using ammonia, toothpaste, a powder cleanser or scouring pads. Keep gold away from chlorine, lotions, cosmetics and perm solutions, since these products may discolor or dissolve gold alloys. Gemstones rarely need cleaning unless they become dirty from hand lotion, hairspray or other products. They can be cleaned using a soft cloth with mild soap and water, but rinse well. If you are using a silver or gold jewelry dip solution, most are safe for gemstones, but read the label to make sure. Do not boil gemstones. Do not wear pearls while applying cosmetics, hair sprays or perfume. It's best not to wear pearl strands while bathing, because water can weaken the string. Wipe pearl strands with a damp cloth after each use. Do not clean cultured pearls with chemicals, abrasives or jewelry cleaner.

Clear Quartz: (More commonly called "Rock Crystal"). A colorless transparent mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form. See Quartz.

Cleavage: Cleavage is the tendency which a stone has to fracture along its crystal structure.

Clip-on: A piece of jewelry designed to be attached by means of a clip, such as a clip-back earring.

Clip-back Earring: A hinged ring with a pad, called a "comfort back", at one end to secure the earring to the earlobe without requiring that the ear be pierced.

Cloisonné: Occasionally called "cell enameling", it is a type of enameling in which compartments made of thin strips of metal soldered onto a metal plate are filled with powdered glass prior to firing. The glass powder melts filling the compartments with solid glass.

Cloud: A form of inclusion, “clouds” are white milky areas that can found in the diamond.

Cluster: Several stones grouped together in a jewelry setting.

Cluster Brooch: A brooch developed in the 14th century in which a large central gemstone is surrounded by a cluster of smaller gemstones and pearls.

Cluster Earring: A decorative earring made up of a cluster of glass and/or metal beads and stones

Cluster Ring: A ring featuring a central gemstone surrounded by a number of smaller stones.

Clutch: A device that is slid along a post to secure a piece of jewelry, such as the earring back of a stud for pierced ears.

Cocktail Ring: A large oversized ring set with precious or semiprecious stones popular during the 1940s and 1950s.

Coiffe: A net made of gold or silver threads, decorated with gems or pearls worn on the head.

Coin Silver: A silver alloy that is 80% silver and 20% copper. Many European silver pieces are coin silver and are marked "800", indicating that 800 parts out of 1000 are silver.

Coin-style edge: see Milgrain edge.

Collar: A necklace worn close around the neck. See also "choker".

Collet: The ring of metal that surrounds and secures the stone in a bezel setting.

Color: One of the 4 C s of diamond grading, the term "color" actually refers to the absence of color in a diamond. A diamond acts like a prism letting light pass through, refracting back to the human eye, into a rainbow of color. The color scale breaks up the subtlety and various grades of a diamond’s color from purest white to yellow and brown. The letters D through Z are used to designate a diamonds color with D being colorless and Z-graded stones having a lot of color.

Colored Diamond: Diamonds can be found in a full spectrum of colors. Colored or “Fancy” diamonds are simply referring to diamonds that are not white.

Colored Gold: An alloy of gold and other metals producing rose, yellow, white, and green shades.

Comfort back: A rubber or plastic pad that goes over the clip end of a clip-on earring to cushion the earlobe.

Comfort Fit: A ring that adds to the comfort of the wearer by being curved on the inside of the shank.

Compass Ring: A rotating ring that can be used to determine compass direction by using the position of the sun and the time of day.

Commemorative Wares: Items used to commemorate an important or historical event, such as a battle, coronation, or wedding.

Concave: Concave simply means "curving inward", like the inside of an egg shell. The opposite of Convex.

Concha: One of the ovals of a segmented silver belt or bridle. Also a reference to the belt itself. Now commonly called a "Concho Belt." From the Spanish word "concha", meaning "shell".

Concho: See Concha.

Condition, Excellent: A piece of jewelry in Excellent Condition will show reasonable evidence of wear, and have a fine patina.

Condition, Fine: A piece of jewelry in Fine Condition may show slight wear, but not enough to have developed a patina.

Condition, Good: A piece of jewelry in Good Condition will show substantial evidence of wear. It will have a noticeable patina which may include numerous very fine pits or lines. It will not have cracks, chips, obviously discolored or poorly replaced stones, evidence of glue or other repairs, or other evidence of hard wear considered to be damage. Damage of any kind is separately detailed in the item description, and generally items with damage appear at very reduced prices in the Bargain section.

Condition, Mint: A piece of jewelry having no signs of wear whatsoever, including no discolored stones. A piece that is in Mint Condition is in virtually the same condition as it was when it left the manufacturer. Considering that vintage jewelry is usually 50 or more years old, and that it likely has been worn, it is obviously quite rare to find a piece that is truly in Mint Condition.

Convex: Simply means "curving outward", like the surface of a ball. The opposite of Concave.

Copper: A common reddish-brown metallic element, copper is the only metal which occurs abundantly in large masses as opposed to small veins or nuggets that must be mined out of other rocks. It is also found in various ores such as chalcopyrite, chalcocite, cuprite, and malachite. When alloyed with tin it forms bronze, and when alloyed with zinc it forms brass. Copper is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity and is widely used for electrical wiring, as well as water piping and corrosion-resistant parts. When in moist conditions, a greenish layer forms on the outside. It has been extracted and used for thousands of years. The name is derived from the Greek "kupros" (the island of Cyprus), called "Cyprian brass", and known by the Romans as 'cuprum.'

Coral: Coral is a form of calcium carbonate, (like aragonite or marble), secreted in long chains by coral polyps, who live in colonies under the ocean. Coral can be found all over the world, but the bulk of coral used in jewelry making has always come from the waters off Sardinia and the coast of Sicily, in the Mediterranean. Coral comes in colors from vivid orange, red, and white, to salmon and pale pink (called angelskin coral). In jewelry making, coral is either carved into beads, cameos, and other forms, or is left in its natural branch-like form and just polished. During the mid-Victorian era large cameo brooches of coral finely carved in high-relief floral sprays or faces were popular. It used to be thought that coral protected the wearer, so it was a traditional gift to children. Since it is composed of calcium carbonate, real coral will effervesce if touched with acid. Imitation coral is made from glass, porcelain, or plastic and will not effervesce when touched with acid.

Corallium rubrum: A valuable red coral introduced to the Indians by the Spanish.

Cord belt: A thick belt worn on the waist, usually with a caftan.

Coronet: A small or inferior type of crown worn by a person of high rank but lower than a sovereign.

Coronet setting: See Arcade Setting.

Corundum: The name of a family of stones composed of crystallized aluminum and oxygen that includes rubies and sapphires. The color of these stones depends on the oxides present in their composition. Corundum is one of the hardest minerals second only to diamonds rating a 9 on the Mohs scale. See alumina.

Cowrie Shell: The highly polished and brightly marked shells of tropical marine gastropods of the genus Cypraea, some of which are used as currency in the South Pacific and Africa. Small cowrie shells are commonly used as beads in jewelry.

Crimp Bead: Small soft metal beads that are squeezed shut to secure clasps onto the ends of cords or chains.

Crown: The upper part of a cut diamond or stone above the girdle.

Crown Height: A measurement of the distance from the girdle to the table on a diamond or other cut stone.

Crystal: A fine, high-quality glass invented in 17th century England. In order to be considered crystal rather than simple glass, the product must contain at least 10% lead oxide. The lead oxide is attributed to providing the glass with extraordinary qualities of brilliance, sound and a suitable texture for cutting or engraving. Some of the finest crystal ever made is from Baccarat in France (est. 1816) and Waterford in Ireland (est. 1729).

Crystalline: A substance composed of crystals or resembling crystal in transparency, structure and outline.

Crystallize: To cause a material to form crystals or to assume both the internal structure and external form of a crystal.

Cuban Link Chain: A standard cable chain with oval shaped links that are each decorated with a twisting pattern resembling rope.

Cubic Zirconia: (CZ) A clear, hard, mass-produced gemstone cut to resemble a diamond. The mineral baddeleyite has the same chemical composition, but to become a CZ the mineral must be heated to almost 5000 degrees Fahrenheit and have an oxide stabilizer such as yttrium or calcium added to keep it from reverting back to its original form when cooled. Almost all the rough CZ's in the market are composed of zirconium oxide and yttrium oxide, both of which are naturally white but combine to form a brilliant clear crystal. Like diamonds, the best cubic zirconia gems are colorless but colored forms are also manufactured. Vivid green CZ is sometimes referred to as C-OX, and CZ in numerous colors is frequently sold under various tradenames, such as the yellow CZ from Ceylon called "jargon". Cubic zirconia gemstones are cut in the same fashion as diamonds, and like diamonds the size of the gemstone is usually indicated by its weight in carats. The stone can also be measured in millimeter diameter size. Because the cubic zirconia stone is so dense and solid, it outweighs a diamond of the same millimeter size, weighing 1.7 times more than a diamond of the same millimeter diameter. It is also not as hard as a diamond rating only an 8 on the Mohs scale. Natural skin oils, soap, and dirt cause a film that dulls the beauty and luster of the cubic zirconia, just as it dulls real diamonds. The best cleaning agent for cubic zirconia is liquid dishwashing detergent, but other gem and jewelry cleaners can also be used.

Cuff Bracelet: A wide rigid bangle with a narrow opening on one side to allow the the wrist to pass through.

Cuff link: A decorative fastener worn to close the cuff of a shirt that provides holes on the cuff for the cufflink rather than closing with buttons.

Culet: The tiny flat facet on the tip of the pavilion of a cut

Cultured Pearl: A means of duplicating the organic process of natural pearl creation invented by Kokichi Mikimoto circa 1893. A tiny irritant like a bead, grain of sand, or a piece of mother of pearl from another mollusk can be inserted into the opening of an oyster or mollusk. This irritant becomes the nucleus of a pearl once that mollusk secretes a lustrous substance (nacre) to cover the foreign body. An oyster or mollusk can take between five to seven years to secrete enough nacre to produce a jewelry quality pearl.

Curb Link Chain: A chain composed of oval-shaped links that are twisted and often diamond-cut so they lie flat.

Cushion Cut: A stone that is cut to look like a square or rectangle with rounded edges. The cut is usually multi-faceted to give the highest possible light refraction.

Cut: One of the 4 C's of diamond grading, "cut" refers to the shape and style of a polished gem. How a diamond is cut has a lot to do with the stone's fire and brilliance. A diamond that is cut either too shallow or too deep will not be as brilliant as a properly cut diamond.

Cut glass: Any glass whose surface has been cut into facets, grooves and depressions by a large, rotating wheel. Wheel cutting glass was developed in the 8th century BC, but the technique of faceting wasn't perfected until the 18th century in England. Although cutting glass is a costly and difficult process, the brilliant effects are extraordinary!

CZ: See cubic zirconia.